Final Regional Workshop of the Project


San Carlos de Bariloche, Argentina

5-7 September, 2006




Tuesday 5 September


(Linked presentations are in Spanish)


Welcome words, initial remarks and objectives Daniel Bouille, Fundación Bariloche;
Miriam Hinostroza, UNEP RISŘ Centre
09:30-09:50 CD4CDM – Relevant issues Miriam Hinostroza, UNEP-RISŘ Centre
09:50-10:15 Experience of FB in the CD4CDM Fundación Bariloche
10:45-11:45  Lessons learned, Ecuador David Neira, CORDELIM-Ecuador
11:45-12:45  Lessons learned, Bolivia Gisela Ulloa, ODL-Bolivia
14:30-15:30  Presentation of activities in progress, Guatemala Alaide Gonzalez, Fundación Solar – Guatemala
15:30-16:30 Open discussion All participants
17:00-18:00 Synthesis of the first day and comments Fundación Bariloche



Wednesday 6 September


09:00-09:45 CD4CDM – Second Phase Miriam Hinostroza, UNEP-RISŘ Centre
09:45-10:30 Presentation, Nicaragua Carlos Rivas, ONDL - Nicaragua
10:30-11:15 Presentation, Cuba Omar Rivero, CITMA - Cuba
11:45-12:30  Presentation, Peru Julia Justo, FONAM - Peru
12:30-13:00 Open discussion All participants
Horizontal Cooperation Opportunities – First Phase / Second Phase UNEP-RISŘ / FB / First and Second Phase Countries
15:30-16:30 Carbon Market Perspectives and New Proposals regarding CDM Fundación Bariloche
17:00-18:00  Open discussion All participants



 Thursday 7 September


09:00-10:30  Beyond Kyoto: the role of Capacity Development Osvaldo Girardin, Fundación Bariloche
10:30-11:15  Wrap up – Lessons Learned from CD4CDM Phase I All participants
11:45-12:30  Open discussion, conclusions and recommendations Fundación Bariloche
12:30-13:00 Final Remarks and Closing of the Workshop UNEP-RISŘ / FB



Background and Context


The United Nations Environment Programme has launched the project “Capacity Development for the Clean Development Mechanism”, financially supported by the Dutch Government. The UNEP RISŘ Centre (URC) is the supporting organization contracted by UNEP to implement the project.


The First Phase of the CD4CDM Project was expected to help in establishing GHG emission reduction projects that were consistent with national sustainable development goals, particularly projects in the energy sector. In this sense, the project expected to develop national capabilities so that persons in the countries were at the project’s conclusion capable of analysing the technical and financial merits of projects and negotiating possible finance agreements with Annex 1 countries or investors. Twelve countries have been selected to participate in the project. Bolivia, Ecuador and Guatemala are the Latin American countries participating in the First Phase of project.


Now a Second Phase of the CD4CDM Project is opening with the participation of three new Latin American Countries: Cuba, Peru and Nicaragua.


Activities scheduled under the Implementation Phase of the First Phase of the CD4CDM project included the realisation of various events. Among them, the following were particularly important: (a) regional workshops for representatives from countries participating in the project, to discuss more specific project-related issues, (b) workshops for representatives belonging to the whole region to point out other key issues, less project specific but equally relevant, and (c) conferences and forums for all actors associated with the CDM, where CERs’ buyers and sellers, national authorities, CDM development and support programmes, and services providers have the opportunity to meet, receive up-dated information and learn what each has to offer.


Latin American Countries participating in the mentioned First Phase of the CD4CDM Project have developed, during the implementation phase of the Project (along more than three years since the end of 2002), an institutional structure as well as a set of very important activities oriented to identify, promote, evaluate and approve CDM Projects.


At the end of the First Phase of the CD4CDM Project, Bolivia and Ecuador have consolidated both CDM Offices and have not only the staffs but also the instruments to carry out the tasks those offices are in charge of. In the other hand, although Guatemala has not reached yet similar levels of development related to that issue, it is progressing in the same direction. In this sense, it could be expected that Guatemala will be able to do the same in a short time due to the rhythm imposed by the technical assistance of Fundación Solar to the pendent activities.


Nevertheless certain level of uncertainty continues, mainly related to the future functioning of those institutions in regards to those mechanisms that could guarantee their financial sustainability. The number of project generated up to now and the short and medium term expectations, do not show strong evidence to demonstrate that the flux of projects could become itself in a source of financing for the Offices. In the other hand, the already high transaction costs do not offer so much hopes about the possibilities for charging the CDM Project with additional costs.


The adequate sustenance of local institutions is a necessary condition for increasing the number of CDM Projects in Host Countries. In this sense, the maintenance of the CDM institutional infrastructure of all those countries should be a concern of Annex I Countries and also International Financial Support Institutions in order to promote and develop a broad and diversified CDM Projects market that includes multiple sectors, broad country covering and a significant number of projects.


The experience developed in the context of CD4CDM Project will certainly allow, not only to extract valuable conclusions but also to present attractive ideas for its continuity in the short and medium term.


In this sense it is expected that the Workshop could become an appropriate environment to discuss those topics as well as a space to reflex and learn those issues for the countries that will begin the Second Phase of the CD4CDM Project.


In a Special Meeting held in opportunity of the First Latin American Carbon Forum in Quito, it has been agreed by RISŘ, FB and the national teams participating in the project that this Final Regional Workshop in the context of the CD4CDM Project would take place in San Carlos de Bariloche, Argentina.



Scope and Objectives


The main objectives of the Workshop are the following:

  • To present and analyze lessons learned and the experiences developed during the First Phase of the CD4CDM Project.
  • To generate a bridge among countries participating in the First Phase and those countries that will be incorporated in the Second Phase of the CD4CDM Project and to evaluate the possibilities of horizontal cooperation between both groups of countries.
  • To evaluate the importance and role of the Regional Excellence Centre in the project execution process and to foreseeing its role in future activities of CDM Offices participating not only in the First Phase but also in the Second Phase of the Project.
  • To identify and evaluate sustainability conditions of CDM Offices and the different alternatives of financing in the future to outline potential strategies in that sense.
  • To identify potential institutional, individual and/or organizational capacity strengthening needs to contribute for an adequate future functioning.
  • To evaluate potential trends in the negotiating process and in the future of CDM or its potential new forms: Programmatic CDM, Sectoral CDM, etc.
  • To interchange ideas about the possible evolution of carbon markets and the most adequate strategies for penetrating those markets in an attractive way for national interests point of view.