CAPACITY DEVELOPMENT FOR THE
CLEAN DEVELOPMENT MECHANISM
Final Regional Workshop of the Project
San Carlos de Bariloche, Argentina
5-7 September, 2006
Tuesday 5 September
(Linked presentations are in Spanish)
||Welcome words, initial remarks and objectives||
Daniel Bouille, Fundación Bariloche;
Miriam Hinostroza, UNEP RISŘ Centre
|09:30-09:50||CD4CDM – Relevant issues||Miriam Hinostroza, UNEP-RISŘ Centre|
|09:50-10:15||Experience of FB in the CD4CDM||Fundación Bariloche|
|10:45-11:45||Lessons learned, Ecuador||David Neira, CORDELIM-Ecuador|
|11:45-12:45||Lessons learned, Bolivia||Gisela Ulloa, ODL-Bolivia|
|14:30-15:30||Presentation of activities in progress, Guatemala||Alaide Gonzalez, Fundación Solar – Guatemala|
|15:30-16:30||Open discussion||All participants|
|17:00-18:00||Synthesis of the first day and comments||Fundación Bariloche|
Wednesday 6 September
|09:00-09:45||CD4CDM – Second Phase||Miriam Hinostroza, UNEP-RISŘ Centre|
|09:45-10:30||Presentation, Nicaragua||Carlos Rivas, ONDL - Nicaragua|
|10:30-11:15||Presentation, Cuba||Omar Rivero, CITMA - Cuba|
|11:45-12:30||Presentation, Peru||Julia Justo, FONAM - Peru|
|12:30-13:00||Open discussion||All participants|
||Horizontal Cooperation Opportunities – First Phase / Second Phase||UNEP-RISŘ / FB / First and Second Phase Countries|
|15:30-16:30||Carbon Market Perspectives and New Proposals regarding CDM||Fundación Bariloche|
|17:00-18:00||Open discussion||All participants|
Thursday 7 September
|09:00-10:30||Beyond Kyoto: the role of Capacity Development||Osvaldo Girardin, Fundación Bariloche||10:30-11:15||Wrap up – Lessons Learned from CD4CDM Phase I||All participants||11:45-12:30||Open discussion, conclusions and recommendations||Fundación Bariloche||12:30-13:00||Final Remarks and Closing of the Workshop||UNEP-RISŘ / FB|
|Background and Context
The United Nations Environment Programme has launched the project “Capacity Development for the Clean Development Mechanism”, financially supported by the Dutch Government. The UNEP RISŘ Centre (URC) is the supporting organization contracted by UNEP to implement the project.
The First Phase of the CD4CDM Project was expected to help in establishing GHG emission reduction projects that were consistent with national sustainable development goals, particularly projects in the energy sector. In this sense, the project expected to develop national capabilities so that persons in the countries were at the project’s conclusion capable of analysing the technical and financial merits of projects and negotiating possible finance agreements with Annex 1 countries or investors. Twelve countries have been selected to participate in the project. Bolivia, Ecuador and Guatemala are the Latin American countries participating in the First Phase of project.
Now a Second Phase of the CD4CDM Project is opening with the participation of three new Latin American Countries: Cuba, Peru and Nicaragua.
Activities scheduled under the Implementation Phase of the First Phase of the CD4CDM project included the realisation of various events. Among them, the following were particularly important: (a) regional workshops for representatives from countries participating in the project, to discuss more specific project-related issues, (b) workshops for representatives belonging to the whole region to point out other key issues, less project specific but equally relevant, and (c) conferences and forums for all actors associated with the CDM, where CERs’ buyers and sellers, national authorities, CDM development and support programmes, and services providers have the opportunity to meet, receive up-dated information and learn what each has to offer.
Latin American Countries participating in the mentioned First Phase of the CD4CDM Project have developed, during the implementation phase of the Project (along more than three years since the end of 2002), an institutional structure as well as a set of very important activities oriented to identify, promote, evaluate and approve CDM Projects.
At the end of the First Phase of the CD4CDM Project, Bolivia and Ecuador have consolidated both CDM Offices and have not only the staffs but also the instruments to carry out the tasks those offices are in charge of. In the other hand, although Guatemala has not reached yet similar levels of development related to that issue, it is progressing in the same direction. In this sense, it could be expected that Guatemala will be able to do the same in a short time due to the rhythm imposed by the technical assistance of Fundación Solar to the pendent activities.
Nevertheless certain level of uncertainty continues, mainly related to the future functioning of those institutions in regards to those mechanisms that could guarantee their financial sustainability. The number of project generated up to now and the short and medium term expectations, do not show strong evidence to demonstrate that the flux of projects could become itself in a source of financing for the Offices. In the other hand, the already high transaction costs do not offer so much hopes about the possibilities for charging the CDM Project with additional costs.
The adequate sustenance of local institutions is a necessary condition for increasing the number of CDM Projects in Host Countries. In this sense, the maintenance of the CDM institutional infrastructure of all those countries should be a concern of Annex I Countries and also International Financial Support Institutions in order to promote and develop a broad and diversified CDM Projects market that includes multiple sectors, broad country covering and a significant number of projects.
The experience developed in the context of CD4CDM Project will certainly allow, not only to extract valuable conclusions but also to present attractive ideas for its continuity in the short and medium term.
In this sense it is expected that the Workshop could become an appropriate environment to discuss those topics as well as a space to reflex and learn those issues for the countries that will begin the Second Phase of the CD4CDM Project.
In a Special Meeting held in opportunity of the First Latin American Carbon Forum in Quito, it has been agreed by RISŘ, FB and the national teams participating in the project that this Final Regional Workshop in the context of the CD4CDM Project would take place in San Carlos de Bariloche, Argentina.
Scope and Objectives
The main objectives of the Workshop are the following: